# Passing variables by value in Python

### Passing variables by value in Python

Let say you want to create a function that uses a variable from it’s outer scope. By default python creates a closure for each of these functions created and the variables are evaluated during the call to the function. And you need to be careful about these when you are coding!

f_list=[]
for i in range(5):
f_list.append(lambda a:print(a*i,end=','))

for f in f_list: f(5) #prints: 20,20,20,20,20,


In this example we are intended to create a list of functions that prints various multiple’s of input values. However since the variable i is passed by reference, it is not bounded until we call the functions in the second loop. Since the i is set to be for at the end of the first loop all of the functions multiply the input with 4.

So how can we evaluate the value of i during the definition and bound the variable i to its current value. One way to do it is to use named arguments with default values! A

f_list2=[]
for i in range(5):
f_list2.append(lambda a,i=i: print(a*i,end=','))

for f in f_list: f(5)  #prints: 0,5,10,15,20,



And it works like a charm. Please use it on your lambda or regular def functions ;)

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